Vologda state museum-reserve of history, architecture and art
The history of the museum-reserve started in the XIX century when the first museum – House of Peter the Great – was opened. In 1923 all the museums in the city were united into one museum under the name «Vologda state united museum». On the basis of the Vologda regional local lore museum in 1988 Vologda state museum-reserve of history, architecture and art was founded.
Vologda state museum-reserve is a scientific research and education institution, a state depositary of art, historical, architectural, literary and other monuments of material and spiritual culture and nature.
Collections1. Collection of Russian ancient art
2. Collection of wooden sculpture and cult carving
3. Collection of oil painting
4. Collection of graphics
5. Collection of garments
6. Collection of household wood
7. Collection of metal
8. Collection of ceramics
9. Collection of decorative articles of precious metals, stones and pearls
10. Sector of written documents
11. Collection of film-photo-phono documents
12. Stock of archeology
13. Collection of numismatics, faleristics and bonistique
14. Natural historical collections
Now the Vologda museum-reserve consists of a number of monuments of the Vologda Kremlin together with the St.Sophia Cathedral, church of John the Forerunner and the branches:1. House-Museum of Peter the Great
2. Exhibition «Vologda at the turn of centuries»
3. Museum «World of Lost Things»
4. Museum-Flat of Konstantin Batyushkov
5. House-Museum of Alexander Mozhaiskiy
6. Architectural and ethnographic museum of Vologda oblast
7. Literature and art. XX century
8. Vologda exile
9. Museum of Lace
Vologda Kremlin is a historical and architectural ensemble that was laid as a fortress in 1567 by the edict of Ivan the Terrible and played a role of a fortification in the 16-17th centuries. By the 1820-s the walls and towers of the Kremlin were dismantled. Now the Vologda Kremlin complex traditionally embraces a former Archbishop house – a set of buildings of the court of Vologda archbishops – mainly because of its high walls, Ascension cathedral and St.Sophia Belfry. St.Sophia cathedral built on the high bank of the Vologda River is the first stone church in the city erected under Ivan the Terrible. In the south-eastern corner of the fence the second church, smaller in size – Ascension cathedral is placed.
The present territory of the Kremlin surrounded by high stone walls is divided into three yards. The central yard, that is the basic one, occupies the most part of its territory; in the north-eastern part a small Consistorial yard is located, in the north-western – a servicing yard.
This set of buildings that is called the Vologda Kremlin was being built for several centuries, its buildings differ fr om each other greatly by appearance, and they don’t have a uniform style as they were built in different time.
Museum of Lace
The Vologda Museum of Lace was opened on 3 November 2010. It dedicated to the most popular art handicraft of the Vologda region – the art of lace-making. The Museum is located in the historic area of the city near the Vologda Kremlin. The Lace Museum occupies a two-storied stone building – the sample of architecture of federal importance. It was built at the beginning of the 19th Century. Here was the Vologda Treasury Chamber in the 1859-1886 years. Science 1886 the building with its structures and territory was passed over to the Vologda State Bank, which was situated here before 1999.
There are exhibition halls, lace café, art showroom, decorated in modern style and also workshop for training in lace making on the first (ground) floor.
The main display, built chronologically, is placed on the second floor (first) and occupies 8 halls. Demonstration begins with the European lace – lace works and tools from France, Belgium, Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Spain. Then you can see the specimens of the bullion – the earliest artefacts, dated 17th – 18th Centuries. Ethnographic items, decorated with peasant measured lace, illustrate the development of lace-making in Vologda Governorate at 19th – beginning of 20th Centuries.
In the main gallery we can see the works of the famous artists from Vologda – V.D. Veselova, M.N. Grunicheva, G.N. Mamrovskaya, A.N. Rakcheeva and M.U. Pal’nikova. People pay extra attention to the huge picture «Snezhinka» («Snowflake»), that is the symbol of the lace-making in Vologda region. The artist, who drew this picture, is V.N. Elphina. Then you can see the works of the 1970-1980 years: «Veseolaya derevnya « («Merry village») and «Vologda» (The author – A.N. Rakcheeva); «Rassvet» («The dawn») and «Vesennii perezvon» («The spring chime») (The author – G.N. Mamrovskaya). The modern lace works («Church», «Gold fish», «Sanctuaries of Vologda» and so on) exhibit in halls that show us the development of lace-making nowadays. The main display decorated in classical style: the lace pictures are represented as pieces of art – the masterpieces of artists and lace-makers from Vologda.
Address: Kremlin Square 12, Vologda
Phone number: (8172) 72-16-56
Business hours: 10 a.m. – 17 p.m. Closed on Saturday and Sunday.
House-Museum of Peter I
House-Museum of Peter I is one-storeyed stone building with vaulted ceiling and two Dutch stoves decorated with ornamented tiles – a monument of architecture of the 17th century. The house is interested by its architecture and as a place connected with Peter I staying in Vologda. In the exposition there are more than 100 exhibits. Among the unique are the garments of Peter I, a posthumous mask of the emperor, a cup of generalissimo Alexander Menshikov, two Dutch chairs dated «1706», a «bilo» (a wooden plate that was used as a church bell) with Peter’s monogram dated «1706», «zertsalo» (a triangular prism with 3 printed copies of the edicts of Peter I that was usually kept in offices) with Peter’s edicts, a soldier’s flask, arms – trunks of cannons, a musket and a gun of bronze casting referred to Peter’s times, a coat of arms over the entrance of the house with «H.R.S.» (Dutch Republican States) initials.
In 1872 devoted to the 200-th anniversary of Peter I the house was bought out from private owners and it was decided to found a museum there. On June 5th, 1885 on the day of arrival of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich to Vologda the first museum in Vologda province – House of Peter I – was opened. The last re-exposition was made in 1987.
Exhibition «Vologda at the turn of 19-20th centuries»
The exhibition occupies three wooden buildings belonged to the merchant Samarin: a merchant’s manor, a shop and a rented apartment house that represent a typical example of the city architecture of the end of 19-beginning of 20th century. In the apartment house there is a memorial flat wh ere in 1912-1914 Maria Ulyanova with her mother lived during exile. Since 1990-s the expositions were placed here reflecting pre-revolutionary life of the city.
In the merchant’s shop an art gallery-store of the museum, studios on wood painting, embroidery, weaving, etc are placed. Exhibitions «Traditions and the Present», scientific seminars on revival of art handicrafts are organized.
Exhibition «World of Lost Things»
The museum was opened in May, 1991 in the wooden manor of the middle of 19th century. The exposition comprises two sections. On the first floor «World of Lost Things» introduces the culture and everyday life of the citizens during pre-revolutionary time. Typical interior of the end of 19th-beginning of 20th centuries of a living room, a dining room, a children’s room and a cabinet are reconstructed. On the 2nd floor exhibition «History of Vologda portrait of 18-19th centuries» from the wooden manors of Vologda province is placed. Literary, musical and children’s parties are organized in the museum. The descendants of the Vologda noblemen that gently preserve the family traditions often visit the museum. On the third floor exhibitions of relics from family collections and archives are arranged.
House-Museum of Konstantin Batyushkov
House-Museum of Konstantin Batyushkov is located in the house wh ere Konstantin Batyushkov (1787-1855), a Vologda citizen, a famous Russian poet spent last years of his life in the family of his nephew G.Grevens. Konstantin Batyushkov was a poetic teacher of Alexander Pushkin. A literary exposition «Life and creative work of Batyushkov» introduces the poet’s biography and the world of his poetic images. Books, paintings, graphics, autographs, units of the interior of the 1st half of the 19th century tell about his life and creative work.
Museum «Literature. XX century»
The museum was opened in 2005 and devoted to the one of the most significant lyric poets of the 20th century Nikolay Rubtsov and famous Russian composer Valery Gavrilin. The expositions introduce the life and creative work of both outstanding personalities who were born in Vologda Oblast.
Historical memorial museum of Alexander Mozhaiskiy
The museum is devoted to the life and activity of the famous Russian inventor in the sphere of aeronautics Alexander Mozhaiskiy (1825-1890) during his stay in Vologda. The museum is placed in the wooden manor of the 19th century named «Kotelnikovo» that belonged to the spouse of the inventor. The museum is located 12 km off Vologda in Mozhaiskoye settlement. A park founded in 1861 on the area of 3 hectares with ponds, linden and oak avenues is attached to the museum.
Museum «Vologda Exile»
The museum was opened in Vologda in December, 2006 in a small log house on the bank of the Zolotukha River as a branch of Vologda state museum-reserve and is devoted to the political exile.
Before 1917 about 10 thousand exiles (not including transit convicts transported to the North) stayed in Vologda. Exile to the North – Sol’vychegorsk and Vologda – became an important stage in political biography of Josef Stalin. In this house on the Zolotukha embankment he lived during December, 1911 – February, 1912. Due to this fact during the period when Stalin headed the country a museum was established in this house.
The exposition of the museum introduces the peculiarities of custody of those to whom such a punishment was applied in the tsar Russia. A rich and diversified material on the activity of the most famous personalities of Vologda exile is demonstrated at the sliding stands.
Museum of Architecture and Ethnography of Vologda Oblast
The museum was opened in 1992 locating 12 km off Vologda city on a high bank of the Vologda River. Historically this territory belonged to the ancient settlement Barskoye (now settlement Maiskiy). The area of the museum is 12.7 hectares. Now the museum has 2 cult constructions, 1 estate, 12 houses, 17 farm buildings (barns, ice-houses baths). In the buildings the interior of a village log house (izba) is fully reconstructed, with an authentic Russian stove, the Red corner with an icon-case (God’s image and icon-lamp), benches, kitchen utensils, other rural life goods. And that completely reconstructs the way of life and customs of a northern rural family. All the buildings were erected in the 2nd half of 19th – beginning of 20th centuries. Ethnographic and folklore festivities, festivals and theatrical shows are arranged here.